If he had been guilty, what was that to the cruel world so ready to punish, so ready to do worse! Synonyms for guilty convicted culpable liable remorseful responsible sorry wrong accusable caught censurable censured chargeable condemned conscience-stricken contrite convictable criminal damned delinquent depraved doomed erring evil felonious hangdog impeached in error in the wrong incriminated iniquitous judged licentious offending on one's head out of line proscribed regretful reprehensible rueful sentenced sheepish sinful wicked MOST RELEVANT.
The easy thing to do was to find me guilty, and let it go at that. Journal of Personality. Lindsay-Hartz, J. Differentiating guilt and shame and their effects on motivation. Mascolo, M. Developmental transformations in appraisals of pride, shame, and guilt. Miceli, M.
How to make someone feel guilty: Strategies of guilt inducement and their goals. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour , 22 , 81— Sprecher, S. How men and women expect to feel and behave in response to inequity in close relationships. Social Psychology Quarterly , 55 , 57— Steil, J. Equality and entitlement in marriage: Benefits and barriers.
Entitlement and the affectional bond: Justice in close relationships pp. Tangney, J. Assessing individual differences in proneness to shame and guilt: Development of the Self-Conscious Affect and Attribution Inventory. Moral affect: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 61 , — Situational determinants of shame and guilt in young adulthood. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin , 18 , — Shame and guilt in interpersonal relationships.
P, Burggraf, S. Shame-proneness, guilt-proneness, and psychological symptoms.
Self-conscious emotions: The psychology of shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride. P, Wagner, P. Shamed into anger? The relation of shame and guilt to anger and self-reported aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 62 , — Proneness to shame, proneness to guilt, and psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology , , — Taylor, S.
Illusion and well-being: Asocial psychological perspective on mental health. Vangelisti, A. Making people feel guilty in conversations: Techniques and correlates. Human Communication Research , 18 , 3— VanYperen, N. Social comparison and social exchange in marital relationships.
Zahn-Waxler, C. The origins of guilt. Thompson Ed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Development of concern for others. Developmental Psychology , 28 , — Empathy and guilt: Early origins of feelings of responsibility. Baumeister 1 1. Personalised recommendations. Researchers have found that taking a self-compassionate point of view on a personal failure makes people more likely to take personal responsibility for the failure than when they take a self-critical point of view. They also are more willing to receive feedback and advice from others, and more likely to learn from the experience. Guilt also made the initial pleasurable reaction last longer—the guilt-primed participants remembered liking the candies more than neutral-primed participants.
To learn how to get people to like you, click here. Science has answers…. You broke your diet. You insulted your friend. Bad stuff. Nobody disputes that. But should you feel bad weeks or months later? What sentence will you choose to impose on yourself?
Are you willing to stop suffering and making yourself miserable when your sentence has expired? This would at least be a responsible way to punish yourself because it would be time-limited.
Look at the intensity, duration and consequences of the negative emotions you feel. Are they appropriate? Probably not. In addition to distortion, several other criteria can be helpful in distinguishing abnormal guilt from a healthy sense of remorse or regret. These include the intensity, duration, and consequences of your negative emotion. Again, you probably have noble intentions. You feel you deserve to be punished. But the problem is just like fear — it can go too far. This would be very bad. Change and learning occur most readily when you a recognize that an error has occurred and b develop a strategy for correcting the problem.
An attitude of self-love and relaxation facilitates this, whereas guilt often interferes. To learn how to be happier and more successful, click here.
And that leads us to the worst kind of magnification, which is all too common: feeling your bad behavior makes you a bad person. The guilt is overwhelming. Guess what? That feeling makes you more likely to do bad things in the future. What we find in our experiments is that once we start thinking of ourselves as polluted, there is not much incentive to behave well, and the trip down the slippery slope is likely.
Uh, no. The problem here is that emotions like guilt are so powerful that they affect your reasoning. You feel bad, so you think you must be bad. Your guilt just reflects the fact that you believe you behaved badly. Can you predict the future with absolute certainty? Again your answer must be no. You have two options: You can either decide to accept yourself as an imperfect human being with limited knowledge and realize that you will at times make mistakes, or you can hate yourself for it. To learn how to never be frustrated again, click here.
Have I hurt anyone? The worst thing you can do is to keep apologizing over and over again. New York: Plenum. Have I done permanent harm to my body? Even if you've done something wrong, don't acknowledge it.